File:Vinyl group.png|thumb|100px|right|Chemical structure of the vinyl functional group.
, '''vinyl''' or '''ethenyl'''
IUPAC Provisional Recommendations 2004 [http://old.iupac.org/reports/provisional/abstract04/BB-prs310305/Chapter5.pdf Chapter 5]
is the functional group
, namely the ethylene
) minus one hydrogen
atom. The name is also used for any compound containing that group, namely R−CH=CH2
where R is any other group of atoms.
An industrially important example is vinyl chloride
, precursor to polyvinyl chloride|PVC
, a plastic commonly known as ''vinyl''.
File:Rollup chessboard.jpg|right|thumb|Chessboard made from polyvinyl chloride
Vinyl is one of the alkenyl
functional groups. On a carbon skeleton, ''sp''2
-hybridized carbons or positions are often called...